Gåsören, Skellefteå (South)
Gåsören is the club harbour of the Skellefteå division of SXK (The Swedish Cruising Club) at the old pilot and lighthouse station.
When you come from the large main waterway in to the waterway to Kurjoviken, you will have Gåsören on your starboard side. Once you reach the red buoy with topmark, proceed on course 352o to come in to the little natural harbour. You have deep water in to the harbour.
Excursion harbour/ nature reserve
Nautical chart 421
Outhouse toilet and attraction
It was around the beginning of the 20th century that the Swedish coast first became fully equipped with lighthouses. Before the lighthouses existed, ships often sought a night harbour where they could wait until the dawn arrived. Sailing at night time was associated with grave danger, since it was not possible to see reefs and low skerries.
One of the men behind the development of the system of lighthouses that was introduced in Sweden was senior lighthouse engineer Nils Gustaf von Heidenstam. In 1879 he drew up the plans for Gåsören’s lighthouse, and two years later it was ready to be put into operation. The lighthouse was combined with a dwelling in which the lighthouse keeper and his family lived during the sailing season. During the winter, when the waterways were frozen, the lighthouse keeper and his family moved to the mainland. The job as lighthouse keeper was poorly paid and brought with it great responsibility. At night the lighthouse keeper not only needed to keep a watchful eye on the light device to ensure that it blinked at regular intervals, he was also required to sweep the glass. If the lighthouse signal did not operate as agreed, the lighthouse keeper could face prosecution in court. If a ship ran aground, and the reason was deemed to be an unsatisfactory light signal from the lighthouse, the consequences for the lighthouse keeper could be serious indeed.
Gåsören also became a pilot station in 1904, and a pilot attendants’ building was built for the staff. To begin with they worked with simple but proven means. In order to show that a ship could receive a pilot, the pilot ball – a black steel ball – was hoisted on a high mast. A new and automated concrete lighthouse was built in 1921, and the old lighthouse was put out of commission. The light device was disassembled, and the building was taken over by the pilots, but in 1968 the pilot station was also closed down. But Gåsören has now had new life breathed into it! The lighthouse cabin and the pilots’ cabin is owned by Svenska Kryssarklubben (SXK, the Swedish Cruising Club), which allows boating guests to use the pilots’ house. And as the icing on the cake, Gåsören’s lighthouse apparatus was returned in 2003.